Under 10th Malaysia Plan (2011-2015), Malaysia has laid out sets of another historical milestone as our nation embarks on an important mission towards a progressive and high income nation. It is as envisioned in Vision 2020. The Tenth Malaysia Plan houses the aspirations of both the Government Transformation Programme and the New Economic Model, premised on high income, inclusiveness and sustainability. It charts the development of the nation for the next five years, anchored on delivering the desired outcomes for all Malaysians. The Tenth Plan sets the stage for a major structural transformation that a high income economy requires. The Plan contains new policy directions, strategies and programmes that enable the country to emerge as a high income nation. The national development programmes are attuned to the six National Key Results Areas, outlined in the Government Transformation Programme, the National Key Economic Areas of the Economic Transformation Programme and the strategic economic reforms in the New Economic Model .
Economic Transformation Program
Based on Economic Transformation Programme, ETP particularly in the oil and gas sector and specifically downstream segment, there are 2 milestones have been set to be achieved by 2015 for National Key Economic Areas, NKEA. Which are as follows:
- Entry Point Project, EPP 4 – Building a regional storage and trading hub
- Entry Point Project, EPP 13 – Increase petrochemical output
These 2 EPPs main idea is to build Pengerang Integrated Petroleum Complex, PIPC. PIPC may be serve as World Class integrated downstream oil & gas hub in Asia. To make this agenda into incorporation, Economic Planning Unit, EPU with the help of Malaysia Petroleum Resources, MPRC‘s sister, Johor Petroleum Development Corporation, JPDC has been established in 2012. JPDC is tasked to oversee the development of PIPC until full completion as expected to be in 2032.
Pengerang Integrated Petroleum Complex, PIPC
In order to construct PIPC, Malaysia has made some references to other successful project. For instance Jurong Island, Shanghai Chemical Industry Park, Al Jubail Industrial City, Port of Rotterdam, Port of Amsterdam and Port of Antwerp. Finally the latter 3 was chosen as an ideal triangle choice to have our own version of Rotterdam of Asia  20 000 acres of land has been reserved for this development. At the moment only 2 key investors are involves in this megascale project. Most notably are Petronas, the custodian of national finite resources and Dialog Group. The aim of this project is to cater for future domestic petroleum demand as well as Paris Accord Agreement whereby Malaysia has pledged to reduce 45% carbon dioxide gas emission to the environment by 2030 according to 2005 intensity.
In the future (by 2032) PIPC may be able to produce:
- 1 million barrel of crude oil per day
- 1.2 GW power generation
- 12 metric ton per annum of petrochemical product
- 3.5 metric ton LNG per annum
- 5 million cubic of oil storage
- 520 million litre per day of raw water supply
Pengerang Integrated Complex, PIC
Petronas investment of USD 27 billion covers an area of 6,242 acres in Pengerang, Johor. Pengerang Integrated Complex, PIC forms part of Johor’s larger PIPC.Petronas’ PIC project is designed to produce premium differentiated petrochemicals to meet domestic demand for petroleum products. It also serves to fulfil the Malaysian Government’s requirements on the implementation of Euro 5 .
The PIC will house 7 major components as follows:
- Refinery and Petrochemicals Integrated Development, RAPID – The Refinery and Steam Cracker provides the feedstock to the Petrochemical Plants
- Air Separation Unit – An air separation plant separates atmospheric air into its primary components, typically nitrogen and oxygen, and sometimes also argon and other rare inert gases. The most common method for air separation is fractional distillation
- Utilities and Facilities
- Project Air Mentah RAPID – Raw water supply to PIC
- Cogeneration Plant – Through combined heat and power is the simultaneous production of electricity with the recovery and utilisation heat.
- Regasification Terminal – Regasification is a process of converting liquefied natural gas, LNG at −162 °C temperature back to natural gas at atmospheric temperature.
- Deepwater Terminal - Tankage facility for the handling, storage, blending and distribution of Oil Majors and Traders
PIC involves about 63 000 personnel of 65 nationalities  to build this large scale construction in which ever been taken Petronas in history. The PIC is expected to utilise 4 600 personnel on permanent basis during operation stage on 2nd quater of 2019. Priority will be given to Johorian between 18 to 35 of age before opening opportunities to other state within Malaysia. Meanwhile by 2032, they are require to recruit around 27 000 personnel  to operate the refinery, plant and terminal in full swing.
- 10th Malaysia Plan
- Malaysia Petroleum Resources Corporation
- Johor Petroleum Corporation Development
- Johor’s Asian Rotterdam
- Pengerang Integrated Complex on track for overall start up in Q1 next year
- Prepare to work in O&G sector, youths told